History of Saint Nicholas Church from Hunedoara miercuri, Ian 4 2012 

Saint Nicholas Church is one of the oldest orthodox churches in Hunedoara area and the oldest from Hunedoara town. Located on the right bank of CernaRiver, near Corvin’s Castle, this church is related to the ideological dispute between John of Caffa and the Franciscan John of Capistrano, when the old church, probably made of wood, has been destroyed. In 1458, Matthias King allowed “the Serbians and the Walachians” to built-up a new church on the site of the old church. The current paintings bear the stylistic imprint of the 17th century, connected to an ample restoration and strengthen by the inscription placed at the entrance of the church (1654), above the nave door, through which the Protopopes Ianăş and Nicolae (Nicholas), together with Vasilie and Statie and with other merchants, built-up and paint this church between 1634-1654. This significant document was brought to his real value by V. Vătăşianu. The rood screen made of oak wood which divides the nave by the altar dates also from the 17th century, due to the inscription “Constantin painter 1648” written on one of the icons. The bell tower was built up in 1827.

The importance of the Orthodox Church from Hunedoara and of the castle’s chapel was approached since the end of 19th century, considering the similar shapes of the polygonal altar in the exterior and semi-circular in the interior, indicated by the stone churches from Bârsău, Baţa as well as the wood churches from Iarcoş, Ghighişeni, Hârseşti. Compared to the above mentioned examples, the altars of the church from Hunedoara are polygonal both inside and outside, which is a particular aspect in the circumstances of ecclesiastic architecture in Transylvania from the middle of 15th century.

The church is made of a mixture of stone and plaster, the wall having between 0,9-1,1 m thickness. Previously the flooring of the church was made of bricks and then of wood. The entrance in the narthex is made through a common wooden door. The iconostas (rood screen) dates from the 18th century and is made of sculpted wood. The short tower, located an the nave is circular in the exterior an has narrow and elongated windows. The roof is made of tiles.

The oldest part of the church (the nucleus) represents a simple Greek-cross plan inside a rectangle. In the centre of the naves, there were built-up four columns with simple bottom and cylindrical cone, columns that divide the nave and carry the tower. The arches merge in the central bay and intercut forming a new crossed arch. The altar plan forms a polygon with 4 sides, similar to that found at the castle’s chapel in Hunedoara. The arch is made of a half-cup sustained in the Eastern part on ribs, having a gothic aspect, with deep folds made of arches fabrics.

The church’s façade is simple. The windows splayed to the interior and exterior are narrow and long crowned by a circle segment. The side facades are differentiate through trapezoidal gables coming from the transversal arms.

Pagini de istorie marți, Dec 7 2010 

     Biserica cu hramul Sf.Nicolae se numara printre cele mai vechi biserici ortodoxe din tinutul Hunedoarei si este cea mai veche din orasul Hunedoara. Plasata pe malul drept al Cernei, in apropierea castelului Corvinilor; actuala biserica este legata de contextul disputei ideologice dintre vladica Ioan de Caffa si franciscanul Ioan de Capistrano, in urma caruia vechea biserica, probabil de lemn, a fost distrusa.

     La 1458 regele Matia, “permite sarbilor si valahilor” sa construiasca o noua biserica pe locul celei vechi.Actuala pictura poarta amprenta stilistica a sec. XVII, legata de o restaurare ampla, intarita de textul pisaniei (1654), de deasupra usii naosului, prin care protopopii Ianas si Nicolae, alaturi de Vasile si Statie si alti negustori, construiesc si picteaza intre 1634-1654 biserica.

     Importanta bisericii ortodoxe de la Hunedoara si a capelei castelului a fost sesizata inca de la sf. sec. al XIX-lea, aspect raportat la formele asemanatoare ale altarului poligonal la exterior si semicircular la interior, descrise de bisericile din piatra de la Barsau, Bata, precum si cele din lemn de la Iarcos, Ghighiseni, Harsesti.

Consideratii de istoria artei

     V.Vatasianu sintetizeaza informatiile cu privire la sursele care au contribuit la nasterea unui monument unic, in contextul mediului ortodox din Transilvania. Astfel, planul navei in gruce greaca ” simpla” este vazut in opozitie cu planul de provenienta constantinopolitana. In plus, planul Bisericii Sf. Nicolae, cu parament de caramida se deosebeste si de bisericile cu plan triconc.

     Este mult amintita influenta comunitatii sarbesti din garnizoana castelului, la constituirea bisericii (1458), prezenta acestora la Hunedoara, putand genera eventual aparitia acestui tip de biserica direct din Serbia, fara intermediul muntean.

Aspecte arheologice

     In anul 1996 Dr. Z. K. Pinter intreprinde prima si singura cercetare arheologica a monumentului, ca parte componenta a proiectului de restaurare si punere in valoare. Din informatia extrasa pe cale arheologica desparte naosul de pronaos. Aici a fost cercetat si singurul mormant medieval, care a pastrat in inventar doua inele si o moneda de argint.

     Avand in vedere constatarea stratigrafica conform careia mormantul a fost practicat dupa constituirea bisericii, datarea monumentului poate fi coborata inainte de sec. XV.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.